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January 2019: Sustained palladium futures curve backwardation has ramifications for platinum. When futures curves change shape, they can impart valuable market information. The palladium futures curve has been in backwardation for over a year, a sign of a shortage in the metal. This is another indicator arguing for substitution of palladium by platinum in automotive applications, in our view.

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December 2018: FCVs represent material long-term platinum demand. We investigate the potential impact of fuel cell electric vehicles on platinum demand, building a baseline forecast anchored on announced fuel cell vehicle and infrastructure plans in Japan, China, California and elsewhere. We find it generates material demand in the coming years.

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November 2018: Upcoming China emissions regulations look likely to have a meaningful impact on PGMs demand. We highlight the likely impact of the upcoming China 6 emissions standards on platinum and platinum group metals (PGM) demand. The combination of tightening emissions standards and continued auto production growth means that China’s appetite for these metals has significant room to grow.

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October 2018: The palladium premium is a potential platinum opportunity. We highlight the sustained palladium price premium to platinum and the potential effect on platinum demand. Historical substitution trends among platinum, palladium and rhodium in automotive catalysts mean that a sustained significant price premium of palladium over platinum looks unlikely.

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September 2018 (II): ETFs are an essential component of platinum demand. We highlight that Platinum ETFs, being physically backed, form an essential part of the annual platinum demand as vaulted allocated bars backing them are purchased in the spot market.

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September 2018 (I): Selective Catalytic Reduction systems do use platinum. We explain that Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) systems on diesel cars do not remove the need for platinum. Achieving low on-road NOx emissions should see higher platinum loadings on LNT and SCR emissions control systems.

June 2018: The palladium price is important for platinum investors. We outline how high demand and consecutive deficits increase risks to automakers of insufficient palladium and are a potential driver of substitution by platinum in gasoline cars.

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May 2018: We look at fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) adoption, a potential driver of platinum demand. The similarity of fuel cell power growth to past growth in wind and solar power has not been widely recognised.

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April 2018: Platinum’s attraction to gold investors. We highlight platinum’s precious metal attributes that could appeal to gold investors.

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March 2018: A new platinum ETF in the US adds a vehicle to invest in platinum. We address why the launch of a new ETF in the U.S. could increase investor interest and investment demand for platinum.

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February 2018: Platinum loadings in diesel cars could well rise. We discuss automakers’ potential emissions strategies and the desire to avoid any risk of exceeding legal limits in real world driving conditions.

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January 2018: Diesel cars may still be needed to meet carbon dioxide targets. We explore whether new car CO2 will continue to rise, and whether diesel will continue to be a negative for platinum sentiment.

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December 2017: Sibanye-Stillwater’s purchase of Lonmin could be significant for the platinum market. We explore whether Sibanye-Stillwater’s proposed acquisition of Lonmin is meaningful to the platinum market.

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November 2017: China auto sales growth augurs well for platinum demand. We discuss the upside potential from China auto demand.

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October 2017: Over specific periods, platinum has a positive correlation with gold. We discuss what the positive correlation with gold means.

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September 2017: Independent testing could help diesel cars. We discuss how independent testing could impact European diesel passenger market share.

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August 2017: China jewellery demand is has been in a down cycle. We address why the impact of declining China jewellery demand could be offset by upside potential in India.

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July 2017: What do electric vehicle mean for the platinum market? We explore why the market may be overestimating the potential impact on platinum demand from electric vehicles.

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June 2017: Declining European diesel may be overestimated. We address the potential impact on platinum demand from the declining European diesel market share, and reasons why the market may be overestimating the negatives.

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